Breaking Threat Research from FortiGuard Labs
In June 2019, Fortinet's FortiGuard Labs discovered and reported 7 vulnerabilities in Live Chat, the Next Generation Live Help and Live Support System from LiveZilla that connects organizations to their website visitors. LiveZilla is a software company trusted by Fortune 500 companies and top universities, and has over 15,000 users.
The vulnerabilities were found in versions 18.104.22.168 and below. At the time of the writing of this advisory, these issues have been fixed and those fixes have been published by the vendor. FortiGuard Labs appreciates the vendor’s quick response and timely fixes.
The following is a summary of the discovered vulnerabilities:
When auditing the source code file in \livezilla\server.php, line 76 indicates that the server.php will import intern.php file.
When we look into \livezilla\intern.php, we see that it calls Listen() method of class OperatorRequest at Line 29. This class is derived from \livezilla\_lib\objects.internal.inc.php.
As we can see in Figure 3, it then calls Build() method in same class at line 302:
Digging into Build(), line 405, we can see that it calls buildResources():
As you can see at line 59 in Figure 5, it executes the following SQL query:
In Listing 1, the parameter is sanitized using the DBManager::RealEscape filter function to avoid SQL injection. But unfortunately, there is a lack of quote sanitization here, which makes the filter function become ineffective. Hence, we just need to input the value without any quotes into the SQL query in order to exploit the vulnerability.
$_POST[POST_INTERN_XMLCLIP_RESOURCES_END_TIME]) is defined in \livezilla\_definitions\definitions.protocol.inc.php in line 51:
So the final payload of the exploit looks like:
p_ext_rse=(select*from(select(if((substr(123,1,1) like 1),2,sleep(5))))a)
p_ext_rse=(select*from(select(if((substr(123,1,1) like 2),2,sleep(5))))a)
Figure 7 shows the patch from the vendor:
When analyzing the source code file in \livezilla\mobile\index.php, at line 84, we realize that the server echoes $language without proper sanitization, which can result in a Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) vulnerability.
The value of $language is taken from $_SERVER['HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE'], which is the Accept-Language field in HTTP request header.
Figure 10 shows the patch from the vendor:
This Denial of Service was spotted in \livezilla\knowledgebase.php, at lines 39 to 51:
The conditional structure at line 39 determines if the Search Engine Optimization (SEO)-friendly URL option is turned on. If it is, it looks for GET parameter depth and then performs a loop based action on its value, which can be controlled by attackers. In other words, if we provide input, say “?depth=2200000”, it will loop 2200000 times. As we can see in Figure 11, line 46-47, the loop instructions will concatenate the string “../” into the $path variable that could result in memory overflow.
Figure 12 shows the patch from the vendor:
This is another XSS vulnerability that can be triggered from Guest Live Chat window. The attacker can input XSS payload in the Live Chat (Figure 13).
Upon verifying the patches from the vendor, we realized that the patch in version 22.214.171.124 was incomplete. We informed the developer and provided them with the additional payload that can bypass the patch in version 126.96.36.199, and they provided a complete fix for this issue. Figure 15 shows the patch in version 188.8.131.52 from the vendor:
Another SQL injection vulnerability can be found in \livezilla\_lib\functions.internal.build.inc.php, at lines 596 to 605.
The server determines if the parameter p_dt_s_d is sent via a POST HTTP request, and then inputs its value directly to the query without sanitizing the value. This leads to a classic SQL injection.
Figure 17 and 18 show the patch from the vendor:
Another XSS was spotted in \livezilla\ticket.php, at line 109. For this vulnerability, the server replaced the $subject holder with our crafted contents without proper sanitization.
Figure 21 shows the patch from the vendor:
We also spotted the Comma Separated Value (CSV) file injection in the source code file \livezilla\_lib\functions.internal.man.inc.php. From lines 736 to 744 in Figure 22 we can see that the server attempts to export data in CSV format without sanitization.
Figure 23 shows the patch from the vendor:
In conclusion, the root cause for all of these vulnerabilities is the lack of trivial input sanitization. As a result, FortiGuard Labs found multiple vulnerabilities in the LiveZilla Live Chat software, ranging from medium to critical severity.
It is crucial for Live Chat users to apply the patches provided by LiveZilla immediately, as some of the vulnerabilities – for instance, those that enable the SQL Injection – would allow attackers to extract confidential information from the database upon successful exploitation.
Note: If you are interested in this kind of assessment for your software or application, FortiGuard Labs provides a tailor-made vulnerability assessment and penetration testing service that can help you improve the security of your products. Visit https://fortiguard.com/services/pentesting for more information.
-= FortiGuard Lion Team =-
FortiGuard Labs released the following IPS signatures, which cover all the vulnerabilities mentioned:
CVSS 3.0 metrics:
FG-VD-19-082: Base Score 9.8, Critical severity
FG-VD-19-083: Base Score 6.1, Medium severity
FG-VD-19-084: Base Score 5.9, Medium severity
FG-VD-19-085: Base Score 6.1, Medium severity
FG-VD-19-086: Base Score 9.8, Critical severity
FG-VD-19-087: Base Score 6.1, Medium severity
FG-VD-19-088: Base Score 8.8, High severity
Read about the FortiGuard Security Rating Service, which provides security audits and best practices.